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The evolution of the firefighter engagement team

First of all, what is a firefighting assistance kit? Firefighter protective gear, also known as “fire protection gear,” is the term used by firefighters to describe the different protective clothing they wear when fighting a fire. The term bunker gear is derived from the fact that firefighters will keep their boots, pants, and jackets commonly stored in the “bunk.” In the UK and Ireland they use the term Fire Kit, while in Hong Kong they call it Incident Gear. Subsequently, the term assistance team is adapted.

In the early days of firefighting in the mid-1800s, firefighters wore red woolen pants and shirts. Wool is the material of choice to protect itself from the heat of the fire flames and to keep the firefighter warm during the winter. Rubber slips or rubber gowns that extend to mid-thigh for firefighters are worn over pants and shirt. They will also wear a helmet and their own leather gloves and leather boots. Later leather boots were replaced by rubber boots, mostly just above the knees, but some of these rubber boots can be worn up to the hips like modern wellies and this was referred to as threesome boots. rooms. This ensemble was later changed to a combination of suspender trousers, jacket, and shorter rubber or leather boots.

After the Second World War, several organizations have promoted the implementation of the standardization of participation mechanisms. This issue required all fire departments to adhere to the minimum standard design, performance safety tests and certificates were required for all equipment components. Some of these standards include a first coat that resists 500 ° F for five minutes. The second layer that prevents moisture from penetrating the gear. The third layer should provide insulation from high levels of heat.

In the 1980s, a new kit consisting of three layers of materials was introduced. The first outer layer material can withstand 1,200 ° F before breaking. The second layer is a material that releases moisture from inside the gear. The third material is a fire resistant synthetic layer that can resist fire for seven seconds. Long enough for the firefighter to get to safety. In addition to all that, once out of the fire this material will self-extinguish. After this was introduced, all American fire houses have adapted it as their standards for their engagement mechanisms.

This has been the beginning of the modern era of fire fighting. And now, in the 20th century, modern jackets and pants are made from fire resistant fabrics (from aramides like Nomex or Kevlar) and polybenzimidazole fibers (PBI). These multi-layered protective gear is now equipped with a Self Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA), a Personal Alert Safety System (PASS) device, thermal imaging cameras, and modern communications equipment that made the entrance to burning buildings.

Looking back, we have come so far with the help of technology. We can only hope this can be further developed as a firefighter assistance team can be a lifesaver for our firefighters.

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